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The New Cognitive Neurosciences

The New Cognitive Neurosciences

版本:

作者 :Michael S. Gazzaniga

年份 :2000

编号 :9780262071956, 0-262-07195-9

总页数 :1434\1434

语言 :English

文件类型 :PDF

大小 :55 MB (57476336 byte

简介 :

"Gazzaniga has arrayed some of the world's leaders in one of the most exciting areas of neuroscience -- cognitive neuroscience -- and has woven their contributions into a comprehensive and well-documented, yet accessible and provocative, overview. This book belongs on the shelf of any reader interested in the brain and behavior." -- Stephen G. Waxman, Chairman, Department of Neurology, Yale Medical School The first edition of The Cognitive Neurosciences helped to define the field. The second edition reflects the many advances that have taken place-particularly in imaging and recording techniques. From the molecular level up to that of human consciousness, the contributions cover one of the most fascinating areas of science--the relationship between the structural and physiological mechanisms of the brain/nervous system and the psychological reality of mind. The majority of the chapters in this edition of The Cognitive Neurosciences are new, and those from the first edition have been completely rewritten and updated. Sections and section editors: Plasticity Ira B. Black Development Pasko Rakic Sensory Systems J. Anthony Movshon and Colin Blakemore Motor Emilio Bizzi Attention Michael I. Posner Memory Endel Tulving Language Willem J. M. Levelt Thought and Memory Edward E. Smith and Stephen M. Kosslyn Emotion Joseph E. LeDoux Evolution Leda Cosmides and John Tooby Consciousness Daniel L. Schacter Table of contents : Cover......Page 1 Contents......Page 6 Preface......Page 14 I DEVELOPMENT......Page 18 Introduction......Page 20 1 Setting the Stage for Cognition: Genesis of the Primate Cerebral......Page 22 2 Molecular Determinants of Regionalization of the Forebrain and Cerebral Cortex......Page 38 3 A Comparative Perspective on the Formation of Retinal Connections in the Mammalian Brain......Page 48 4 Formation, Elimination, and Stabilization of Synapses in the Primate Cerebral Cortex......Page 60 5 Merging Sensory Signals in the Brain......Page 70 6 Visual Development......Page 88 7 Specificity and Plasticity in Neurocognitive Development in Humans......Page 98 8 Language, Mind, and Brain......Page 114 II PLASTICITY......Page 132 Introduction......Page 134 9 Molecular Mechanisms Underlying Learning-Related Long-Lasting Synaptic Plasticity......Page 136 10 Memory Consolidation and Long-Term Potentiation......Page 154 11 Trophic Interactions and Neuronal Plasticity......Page 174 12 Stress, Sex, and the Structural and Functional Plasticity of the Hippocampus......Page 186 13 Activity and the Development of the Visual Cortex......Page 214 14 Development of Neural Maps......Page 228 15 The Reorganization of Sensory and Motor Maps after Injury in Adult Mammals......Page 238 16 Cerebral Cortical Plasticity......Page 252 III SENSORY SYSTEMS......Page 264 Introduction......Page 266 17 Dynamics of Responses in Visual Cortex......Page 268 18 Binocular Neurons and the Perception of Depth......Page 278 19 Contextual Modulation in Primary Visual Cortex and Scene Perception......Page 294 20 Computational Neuroimaging......Page 306 21 A New Role for Cortical Area MT......Page 320 22 Effects of Attention on Neuronal Response Properties in Visual Cerebral Cortex......Page 330 23 Response Synchronization......Page 340 24 Lightness Perception and Lightness Illusions......Page 354 25 High-Level Vision as Statistical Inference......Page 368 26 Perception and Action in the Human Visual System......Page 380 27 Visual Associative Long-Term Memory......Page 394 28 Physiological Studies of Face Processing in Humans......Page 408 29 Physiological Basis of Timbre Perception......Page 426 30 Cortical Representations of Auditory Space......Page 440 31 Sensory Convergence in Neural Function and Development......Page 452 32 The Song System......Page 466 33 A Computational Model of Avian Song Learning......Page 484 IV MOTOR SYSTEMS......Page 498 Introduction......Page 500 34 Toward a Neurobiology of Coordinate Transformations......Page 504 35 Spatial Representations and Internal Models of Limb Dynamics in Motor Learning......Page 516 36 Programming to Look and Reach in the Posterior Parietal Cortex......Page 530 37 Neural Mechanisms of Motor Cognitive Processes......Page 540 38 Cortical Mechanisms Subserving Object Grasping and Action Recognition......Page 554 39 Neural Mechanisms for Learning of Sequential Procedures......Page 568 40 The Superior Colliculus and the Cognitive Control of Movement......Page 588 41 The Neural Correlates of Place and Direction......Page 604 42 Computational Motor Control......Page 616 V ATTENTION......Page 634 Introduction......Page 636 43 Attention in Cognitive Neuroscience: An Overview......Page 638 44 Disorders of Visual Attention......Page 648 45 Spatial Reference Frames and Hemispatial Neglect......Page 666 46 Cortical Mechanisms of Visuospatial Attention in the Primate Brain......Page 682 47 The Operation of Selective Attention at Multiple Stages of Processing......Page 702 48 The Temporal Dynamics and Functional Architecture of Attentional Processes in Human Extrastriate Cortex......Page 716 49 Networks of Attention......Page 726 VI MEMORY......Page 740 Introduction......Page 742 50 Domain Specificity in Cognitive Systems......Page 748 51 Learning and Memory in the Inferior Temporal Cortex of the Macaque......Page 758 52 Memory for Objects in Nonhuman Primates......Page 768 53 The Medial Temporal Lobe, the Hippocampus, and the Memory Systems of the Brain......Page 780 54 The Anatomical Bases of Memory......Page 796 55 Psychopharmacological Approaches to Human Memory......Page 812 56 Memory Retrieval: An Electrophysiological Perspective......Page 820 57 Neuroimaging of Memory......Page 832 58 Memory without Remembering and Remembering without Memory......Page 844 VII LANGUAGE......Page 856 Introduction......Page 858 59 The Neural Correlates of Language Production......Page 860 60 The Study of Prelexical and Lexical Processes in Comprehension......Page 882 61 Postlexical Integration Processes in Language Comprehension......Page 896 62 Acquisition of Languages: Infant and Adult Data......Page 912 63 The Cognitive Neuroscience of Language Acquisition......Page 924 64 Computational Modeling of Language Disorders......Page 948 65 The Neural Architecture of Language Disorders......Page 964 VIII HIGHER COGNITIVE FUNCTIONS......Page 974 Introduction......Page 976 66 The Neural Bases of Mental Imagery......Page 980 67 Shared Mechanisms in Visual Imagery and Visual Perception......Page 990 68 Cerebral Bases of Number Processing and Calculation......Page 1002 69 Cerebellar Contributions to Cognition and Imagery......Page 1014 70 The Cognitive Neuroscience of Categorization......Page 1028 71 Category Specificity and the Brain......Page 1038 72 The Organization of Conceptual Knowledge in the Brain......Page 1052 73 Decision Making and the Somatic Marker Hypothesis......Page 1062 IX EMOTION......Page 1078 Introduction......Page 1080 74 How Danger Is Encoded......Page 1082 75 Modulation of Memory Storage by Stress Hormones and the Amygdaloid Complex......Page 1096 76 Neurophysiological Basis of Emotion in Primates......Page 1114 77 Emotional Processing in the Human Brain Revealed through Functional Neuroimaging......Page 1130 78 Posttraumatic Stress Disorder......Page 1148 79 The Neuroscience of Affective Style......Page 1164 X EVOLUTION......Page 1176 Introduction......Page 1178 80 Toward Mapping the Evolved Functional Organization of Mind and Brain......Page 1182 81 The Replacement of General-Purpose Learning Models with Adaptively Specialized Learning Modules......Page 1194 82 Social Control of Brains: From Behavior to Genes......Page 1208 83 What Sex Differences in Spatial Ability Tell Us about the Evolution of Cognition......Page 1224 84 What’s Human about the Human Brain?......Page 1234 85 “Theory of Mind” as a Mechanism of Selective Attention......Page 1250 86 The Cognitive Neuroscience of Autism......Page 1264 87 The Cognitive Neuroscience of Social Reasoning......Page 1274 XI CONSCIOUSNESS......Page 1286 Introduction......Page 1288 88 The Nature and Function of Consciousness......Page 1292 89 Some Thoughts on Consciousness and Neuroscience......Page 1300 90 Conscious vs. Unconscious Perception......Page 1310 91 The Neural Correlates of Consciousness......Page 1320 92 Prefrontal Cortex, Time, and Consciousness......Page 1334 93 Consciousness: Its Vicissitudes in Waking and Sleep......Page 1356 94 Consciousness, Introspection, and the Split-Brain......Page 1370 Contributors......Page 1380 Index......Page 1384
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书籍分类:2000

阅读次数:826

编辑日期:2017-09-10


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